Vaalnest reviews the Canary, Yellow-fronted bird

Posted by Collen on Tue January 19, 2016 in Birding in Vaal Marina.

The yellow-fronted canary (Crithagra mozambicus) is a small passerine bird in the finch family. It is known elsewhere and in aviculture as the green singing finch.

The yellow-fronted canary was formerly placed in the genus Serinus but phylogenetic analysis using mitochondrial and nuclear DNA sequences found that the genus was polyphyletic. The genus was therefore split and a number of species including the yellow-fronted canary were moved to the resurrected genus Crithagra Swainson. This bird is a resident breeder in Africa south of the Sahara Desert. Its habitat is open woodland and cultivation. It nests in trees, laying 3–4 eggs in a compact cup nest. Here are some features to lookout for when spotting this beautiful bird:

The yellow-fronted canary is 11–13 cm in length.
The adult male has a green back and brown wings and tail.
The underparts and rump are yellow.
Head is yellow with a grey crown and nape, and black malar stripe.
The female is similar, but with a weaker head pattern and duller underparts.
Juveniles are greyer than the female, especially on the head.
The yellow-fronted canary is a common, gregarious seedeater. Its song is a warbled zee-zeree-chereeo.

 

 

 

 

References

 

BirdLife International (2012). "Serinus mozambicus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013.

Zuccon, Dario; Prŷs-Jones, Robert; Rasmussen, Pamela C.; Ericson, Per G.P. (2012). "The phylogenetic relationships and generic limits of finches (Fringillidae)" (PDF). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 62 (2): 581–596. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2011.10.002.

Gill, Frank; Donsker, David (eds.). "Finches, euphonias". World Bird List Version 5.2. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 5 June 2015.

Swainson, William (1827). "On several forms in ornithology not hitherto defined". Zoological Journal 3: 348.

Birds of The Gambia by Barlow, Wacher and Disley, ISBN 1-873403-32-1

Finches and Sparrows by Clement, Harris and Davis, ISBN 0-7136-8017-2